Ferro Alloys are the range of iron alloys with a high fraction of one of more than elements like aluminum, manganese and silicon materials. The concluded range of these alloys is ideally utilized for manufacturing of steel & iron for the removal of oxygen. These alloys are suitable for manufacturing road rails, automobile bodies, cutlery, dairy equipment, hand railings and watch bodies. Ferroalloy refers to various alloys of iron with a high proportion of one or more other elements such as manganese, aluminium, or silicon. They are used in the production of steels and alloys.
Manganese ore is alloyed with steel to improve hardness which is essential in the manufacturing of construction materials. It has a similar application when alloyed with aluminium and helps to reduce corrosion and is used in the manufacturing of beverage cans. Manganese metal is used as a colourant in bricks and ceramics and is a catalyst and oxidizer. Manganese dioxide is used in dry cell batteries, in black paints to quicken drying time, to decolour glass and in the manufacture of ferroalloys. Manganese sulphate is used as a micronutrient in fertilizers and animal feeds. It is an important trace nutrient in animals and humans as it cofactors with enzymes and is a detoxification agent. It aids the body in absorbing Vitamin B1 and makes bones strong and flexible.
Coke is a fuel with few impurities and a high carbon content, usually made from coal. It is the solid carbonaceous material derived from destructive distillation of low-ash, low-sulfur bituminous coal. Cokes made from coal are grey, hard, and porous. While coke can be formed naturally, the commonly used form is man-made. The form known as petroleum coke, or pet coke, is derived from oil refinery coker units or other cracking processes. Coke is used in preparation of producer gas which is a mixture of carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen (N2). Producer gas is produced by passing air over red-hot coke. Coke is also used to manufacture water gas.
Coal is a combustible sedimentary rock composed mostly of carbon and hydrocarbons. It is the most abundant fossil fuel produced in the United States, but it is a nonrenewable resource. The energy in coal comes from the energy stored by plants that lived hundreds of millions of years ago in swampy forests. Over time, layers of dead plants at the bottom of the swamps were covered by layers of water and dirt, trapping the energy of the dead plants. The heat and pressure from the top layers turned the plant remains into coal.